Training through intersectoral exchange visits and secondments (S). Three secondments for each ESR and two secondments for each ER will be implemented. One secondment will primarily support a main task closely linked to the fellow’s project. An additional academic secondment will be aimed at expanding expert knowledge in another specialist area, while an industrial secondment will be aimed at applying knowledge, skills and experiences to challenges in the industrial sector and to experience a private sector environment. All fellows based in academia will undertake an industrial secondment.